The origin of self-contradiction

原来self contradiction是自Karl Marx之时就存在的传统啊。口口声声要消灭阶级对立的一个人居然不知道应该如何定义阶级?

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资本论,Das Kapital, Chapter 52. Classes

“... The first question to he answered is this: What constitutes a class? — and the reply to this follows naturally from the reply to another question, namely: What makes wage-labourers, capitalists and landlords constitute the three great social classes? ...”

然后是Engels的注释。

[Here the manuscript breaks off.]

假设--*假设*--Marx同学只是没有想清楚应该怎么定义他的的阶级理论吧 (虽然其他文献suggest Marx停止写作之时距他逝世还有10年以上的时间)。那么他的信徒们为什么也没能完成这位革命导师未竟的任务呢?一个fundamentally flawed的theory是怎么被当成self-evident的truth被传播的?

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2 Responses to The origin of self-contradiction

  1. FreePeter says:

    因为变成宗教了 :)
    不过阶级确实不好定义 :)

    其实我觉得这不是一个大问题,我觉得Marx的东西(某种意义上)是一种宗教。所以有时候不能够用科学的视角来看它。
    有些东西必须是“非科学”, 例如宗教,艺术,甚至包括中医~…还有,工程,其实工程和科学有非常大的区别(呃。。。跑题了 :P )
    只是某些组织喜欢把这些东西包装成科学,那么就只能是伪科学了 :)

  2. Lunarmony says:

    恩,是很像宗教,Marx教教主就是the so-called common good :) 他描绘的共产主义社会其实本质就是天堂么, 只告诉了人们what it is but not how it works。
    但是如果一个国家把宗教这种只能靠非理性信仰和暴力来维持的东西当作政治/经济基本理论来看待那问题就大了。一味违背客观事实规律只能使人拒绝理性思考。

    科学的唯一标准是truth / facts, 这个意义上讲中医工程之类的不能算是‘非科学’吧。

    另外阶级定义这个问题。。。我觉得Marx最后发现了资本主义社会并不存在他想象的’阶级’。他只看到了社会存在的问题但是没有正确分析问题产生的原因。

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